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Operant conditioning is a learning processes through which behavior is changed using reinforcements (given or withdrawn) or punishments after the desired response. E.L. Thorndike first studied this kind of learning, which he labeled the “law of effect”, with cats in puzzle boxes. However, B.F. Skinner is known as the father of operant conditioning, because he built upon Thorndike’s ideas, coined the term “operant conditioning”, and invented the Skinner box to further study the process.

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